History of Bangladesh Awami League

1949

23rd June, 1949
On this date, the East Pakistan Awami Muslim League was formed at a meeting chaired by Ataur Rahman Khan. The meeting, held at Dhaka’s K M Das Lane at the residence of KM Bashir Humayun named ‘Rose Garden’, elected Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani as the President and Shamsul Hoque as the General Secretary of the Party.

24th June, 1949
On the second day of the conference, the first public meeting of the party was held at the Armanitola Field.

15th August, 1949
The first weekly party mouthpiece, Ittefaq, was published.

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1950

1st January, 1950
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is arrested.

24th January,1950
 At the initiative of Hussain Shahid Suhrawardy, Nikhil Pakistan Awami League is established. Pir of Manki Sharif the President and Mahmudul Hoque Osmani the General Secretary.

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1952

26th Januray, 1952
 Nazimuddin announces that Urdu will be the only state language. Sheikh Mujib gets admitted for treatment at Dhaka Medical on 8th February. While being treated at the mediacal’s prison ward, he communicates with the party leaders and workers and gives directions for waging the language movement.

31st January, 1952
With the erstwhile Awami League President Maulana Bhashani in chair, the ‘All Party State Language Struggle Committee’ is formed at the library hall of Dhaka Bar.

16th February, 1952
 Sheikh Mujib is transferred from Dhaka to Faridpur jail.

21st February, 1952
 Decision taken to defy Section 144 restrictions. The procession demanding Bangla as the state language is fired upon. Rafique, Salam, Jabbar, Barkat and Ohiullah becomes martyrs.

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1953

14th November, 1953
 Decision to form ‘Juktofront’ at council session of Awami League in Dhaka. Draft of 21-points adopted.

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1954

8th March, 1954
Overwhelming endorsement for 21-points in Provincial Legislative Assembly elections. Massive win for ‘Juktofront’. Electoral debacle for Muslim League.

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1955

21st to 23rd October, 1955
 At the council session, the word ‘Muslim’ is removed from the name of East Pakistan Awami League.

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1956

2nd March, 1956
 Pakistan’s first constituion is adopted in Parliament.

6th September, 1956
Awami League Cabinet formed in East Pakistan; On 11 September formed centrally.

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1957

18th March, 1957
 Maulana Bhashani resigns from Awami League.

31st May, 1957
After relinquishing his Cabinet position, Sheikh Mujib takes reign of party’s rejuvenation as the party’s General Secretary.

12th September to 11th October, 1957
Hussain Shaheed Suhrawardy becomes Prime Minister of Pakistan; coalition government formed with Awami League in lead.

6th September 1956 to 7th October, 1957
The era of Awami League government in the province led by Ataur Rahman Khan.

7th October, 1957
Martial law is imposed in Pakistan. Political parties are banned. Leaders including Sheikh Mujibur arrested.

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1959

7th December, 1959
 Sheikh Mujib is freed. Expresses to co-workers his secret plans to establish an independent Bengal.

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1962

Aimed at independence, Sheikh Mujib initiates his political and organizational preparations. To achieve aim, forms secret nucleaus with student and youth leaders.

30th January, 1962
Suhrawardy is arrested. In protest, movement against military rule begins.

7th February, 1962
Mass arrest of Awami League leaders including Sheikh Mujib.

24th June, 1962
9 leaders issue historic statement rejecting Ayub Khan’s basic democracy model.

17th September, 1962
Movement against report of Education Commission. 2 people killed.

4th October, 1962
Rather than reinvigorate individual parties, Awami League, NAP, KSP etc. parties form National Democratic Front (NDF).

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1963

5th December, 1963
 Suhrawardy dies in Beirut.

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1964

14th January, 1964
Communal riots take place.

16th January, 1964
Resistance against riots led by Sheikh Mujib. ‘East Pakistan Resist’ campaign launched.

25th January, 1964
 Awami League reinvigorated leaving NDF. Sheikh Mujib principal initiator. NDF loyalists leave party.

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1966

5th February, 1966
Sheikh Mujib raises historic 6-point demands at Lahore.

18th March, 1966
Awami League Council approves “6 Points Programme is Our Lives’ Demand”. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Tajuddin Ahmed elected President and General Secretary respectively.

20th March, 1966
Ayub Khan warns of violence and civil war if pressed for realization of 6-Points.

8th May, 1966
 Awami League leaders arrested including Sheikh Mujib and Tajuddin.

7th June, 1966
Awami League enforces nationwide strike to press for 6-points and release of its leaders. 10 people killed.

17th June, 1966
Ittefaq newspaper is banned.

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1967

22nd June, 1967
Government bans broadcast of Rabindra Sangeet over radio.

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1968

17th January, 1968
Jailed Sheikh Mujib free from Dhaka Jail; Arrested again from jail gate and detained at Dhaka Cantonment.

18th January, 1968
Sheikh Mujib is indicted as Accused No. 1 in ‘State Vs Sheikh Mujib and Others’. This came to be known as the ‘Agartala Conspiracy’ case.

19th June, 1968
Official proceedings of Agartala Case starts.

December, 1968
Chatro League, Chatro Union (both factions), NSS (one faction) and DUCSU leaders form ‘Central Student Struggle Council’ (Chatro Sangram Parishad) to wage movement.

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1969

8th January, 1969
To restore democracy and press for fall of Ayub Khan’s regime, ‘Democratic Action Committee’ (DAC) is formed by 8 political parties including Awami League.

10th January, 1969
Chatro Shangram Parishad announces its 11-Points programme and movement based on the 6-Points.

17th to 20th January, 1969
Students bring our first demonstration and procession defying Section 144 imposition. Police strike at them. On 20th January, student leader Asad is killed.

24th January, 1969
Mass upsurge of students. A number of people killed including school student Motiur. Curfew defied.

January to February, 1969
Sheikh Mujib freed. Agartala Conspiracy Case dropped. Mass upsurge in support of 11 points spreads nationwide.

23rd February, 1969
Sheikh Mujib bestowed with ‘Bangabandhu’ title by Chatro Shangram Parishad in the presence of hundreds of thousands of people at Race Course Field.

25th March, 1969
Ayub Khan falls. General yahya takes charge, martial law imposed.

5th December, 1969
On the death anniversary of Suhrawardy, Bangabandhu announces: “East Pakistan would henceforth be known as Bangladesh”.

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1970

7th December, 1970
General elections in Pakistan. Among the 300 seat Parliament, out of 169 seats in East Pakistan, Awami League wins in 167.

17th December, 1970
Elections of Provincial Assembly of East Bengal. Awami League wins in 288 out of 300 seats.

3rd January, 1970
Elected members of National Assembly and Provincial Assembly (MNAs and MPAs) take oath in allegiance of 6-Points and self-rule. This oath ceremony plays ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ song.

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1971

1 March,1971
Yahya announces indefinitely postponement of the session of National Assembly scheduled to be held at Dhaka on 3rd March. Spontaneous mass demonstrations break out nationwide following this announcement. Slogans like ‘Joy Bangla’, ‘Brave Bengalis, Take Up Arms and Liberate Bangladesh’, ‘Your and My Address, Padma, Meghna, Jamuna’, Wake Up Bengalis, Wake Up’ etc. resonate nationwide. Curfew is imposed.

2 March, 1971
Bangabandhu called for closures and strikes. 3rd March is announced ‘National Mourning Day’. Chatro Sangram Parishad raises ‘Nation Flag’ for the first time at Dhaka University’s Arts Building.

3 March, 1971
At a mass gathering arranged by Chatro Sangram Parishad at Paltan Field, in the presence of Bangabandhu, the declaration for the ‘Formation of an Independent Bangladesh’ is read out, National Flag is exhibited and ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ is sung.

7 March, 1971
In the presence of a million people, at the Race Course Field, Bangabandhu effectively announces the independence of Bangladesh. In his historic speech, Bangabandhu said: “This time the struggle is for our liberation, this time the struggle is for our independence”. Bangabandhu announces the 10-Point non-violent non-cooperation movement.

1-25 March, 1971
Bangabandhu’s instructions effectively control Bangladesh’s administration, judiciary, commerce and trade, banks, industries, transportation and educational institutions. Bangabandhu announces the 35-Point instructions. Bangabandhu announces the 10-Point non-violent non-cooperation movement.

16 March, 1971
Negotiations start between Bangabandhu and Yahya. In fact, the Pakistani military junta was conspiring to attack the Bengalis and the negotiations were a tactic to stall for time.

23 March, 1971
Negotiations effectively break down. Bangabandhu raises the National Flag at his Dhanmondi Road 32 residence with this own hands.

24 March, 1971
Bangabandhu addresses the students, workers and masses in front of his residence at Dhanmondi Road 32.

25 March, 1971
Operation Searchlight, the genocide and mass killing of the unarmed, civilian Bengalis starts at the hands of the Pakistani military.

26 March, 1971
At the late night of 25th March, and early hours of 26th March, and before he was arrested, Bangabandhu formally declares the independence of Bangladesh. Through the wireless of the erstwhile EPR, the announcement is broadcast in Chittagong and elsewhere in the country. Bangabandhu’s declaration of independence is disseminated widely via leaflets and public announcements by mics in Chittagong and elsewhere. The General Secretary of Chittagong Awami League Abdul Hannan travels to Kalurghat Radio Station at around 2.00 pm and for the first time reads out Bangabandhu’s declaration of independence. The Kalurghat Independent Bengal Radio Station operated until the air attack on the afternoon of the 30th March. At the call of Bangabandhu, people all over the country take up arms and start resisting.
Bangabandhu is arrested and taken to Pakistan. He is held in solitary confinement at Mianwali Prison. The conspiracy is hatched to hang Bangabandhu in the guise of a farcical trial. On 26 March, at around 8 pm, Yahya Khan addresses via radio and television broadcast and holds Bangabandhu responsible for attempting to break off Pakistan and announces him an enemy of the state. Awami League is banned.

10 April, 1971
The elected representatives of Bangladesh (MNAs, MPAs) get together and form ‘Bangladesh Gana Parishad’. The Gana Parishad endorses the 26th March declaration of independence by Bangabandhu. They also draft an instrument of independence. They elected Bangabandhu as the President of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. They also form a Cabinet with Deputy President Syed Nazrul Islam as the acting President and Tajuddin Ahmed as the Prime Minister. On 11 April, Colonel Osmani is appointed the Chief of the Armed Forces.

17 April, 1971
The instrument of Bangladesh’s independence is formally presented at the liberated part of Bangladesh, Baidyanathtala of Meherpur. The newly formed Cabinet takes oath. Baidyanathtala is renamed ‘Mujibnagar’. Mujibnagar is announced the temporary capital of independent Bangladesh.

4 December, 1971
Pakistan declares war on India through air strikes.

6 December, 1971
India formally recognizes the newly independent state of Bangladesh. The allied forces from India and the Bangladeshi freedom fighters form a joint command and wage a total war against the Pakistani forces.

16 December, 1971
Before their official surrender, the Pakistani forces trade gunfire with freedom fighters in front of Hotel Intercontinental. Shortly, they surrender at the historic Race Course Field.

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1972

6 January, 1972
Bangabandhu is freed from the Pakistani prison.

10 January: 1972
Bangabandhu returns home. Has a meeting with India Gandhi at Delhi on his way to Dhaka. In the evenining, he addresses the mass at Suhrawardy Udyan and states: ‘Bangladesh’s independence is irreversible and unchangeable, previous relations with Pakistan can never be reinstated’.

8 April, 1972
Awami League Council elects Bangabandhu as the Party President.

29 August, 1972
The Collaborators’ Act is amended. Highest punishment is death penalty and the minimum punishment is three years imprisonment.

10 October, 1972
Banganadhu is bestowed the Julio Curie Award by the World Peace Council.

4 November, 1972
The Constituent Assembly approves Bangladesh’s Constitution.

30 November, 1972
United Nations General Assembly approves unanimously the proposal to grant Bangladesh UN membership.

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1973

7 March, 1973
National elections are held in Bangladesh. Awami League wins 292 out of 300 seats.

16 March, 1973
Led by Bangabandhu, the 21-member Cabinet takes oath.

23 May, 1973
World Peace Council meet in Dhaka. Bangabandhu awarded the Julio Curie Award.

14 October, 1973
Awami League, NAP (Mozaffar) and Bangladesh Communist Party announces three-party alliance.

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1974

18 January, 1974
Sheikh Mujib inaugurates the three-day council of Awami League. Announces his decision to step down from party’s leadership position.

20 January, 1974
Kamruzzaman elected Awami League President and Zillur Rahman the General Secretary.

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1975

25 January, 1975
In order to introduce Presidental form of governmen and a national political party, the 14th amednment to the Constitution is adopted. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the President.

26 January, 1975
Syed Nazrul Islam and Mansoor Ali made Vice President and Prime Minister respectively. 16-member Cabinet formed.

24 February, 1975
President announces the formation of the new national party, Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League (BAKSAL). Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the President of the national party.

6 June, 1975
The constitution of BAKSAL is announced with Nationalism, socialism, Secularism and Democracy as the four main pillars. The executive and central committee of the party formed. Mansoor Ali elected the General Secretary. Zillur Rahman, Sheikh Fazlul Hoque Moni and Abdur Razzaque appointed secretaries. The party was to have five associated bodies: 1. National Farmers League (Jatiyo Krishak League); 2 National Workers League (Jatiyo Shromik League); 3. National Women’s League (Jatiyo Mohila League); 4. National Youth League (Jatiyo Jubo League); and 5. National Students League (Jatiyo Chatro League).

15 August, 1975
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and almost his entire family is killed at the early hours at the hands of some misguided army officials.

3 November, 1975
Syed Nazrul Isma, Mohammad Mansoor Ali, Tajuddin Ahmed and AHM Kamruzzaman is killed inside Dhaka Central Jail.

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1977

4 April, 1977
Syeda Zohra Tajuddin elected Convenor of Awami Legaue in party’s council.

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1981

16 February, 1981
Sheikh Hasina elected President of Bangladesh Awami League.

17 May, 1981
Awami League President Sheikh Hasina retruns home from exile.

12 June, 1981
Bangabandhu’s residence handed over to Sheikh Hasina.

19 September, 1981
Awami League decides to participate in the Presidential election.

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1984

14 September, 1984
In a gathering of Supreme Court lawyers, Sheikh Haisna terms all governments from 1975 ‘illegal’.

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1987

3 January, 1987
Sheikh Hasina reelected President of Bangladesh Awami League.

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1988

24 January, 1988
Nine people are killed as a procession of eight parties led by Sheikh Hasina is fired upon in Chittagong.

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1990

3 January, 1990
Sheikh Hasina in Sylhet, “7-Point Movement for Right to Food and Vote”.

27 January, 1990
Sheikh Hasina in Patuakhali, “Our movement is for restoring parliamentary democracy”.

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1991

15 February, 1991
‘Ekattorer Ghatak Dalal Nirmul Committee’ is floated to seek punishment for Ghulam Azam and his associates and to implement the spirit of the Liberation War.

25 February, 1991
Addressing a public rally in Panthapath, Dhaka, Sheikh Hasina said, ‘Vote for Nouka (Boat) to ensure democracy and economic freedom for people’.

8 March, 1991
Awami League Parliamentary Party unanimously elects Sheikh Hasina as its leader.

21 March, 1991
Sheikh Hasina is formally announced as the Leader of the Opposition.

30 July, 1991
Led by Mohiuddin Ahmed and Abdur Razzaque, BAKSAL decides to merge with Awami League.

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1992

1 March, 1992
In a rally organized by Ghatak Dalal Nirmul Committee, Jahanara Imam said, ‘It is mandatory for us to try Ghulam Azam’.

7 March, 1992
100 MPs including Sheikh Hasina expresses solidarity with the demand to try Ghulam Azam in a People’s Court.

27 March, 1992
In a discussion to mark the Independence Day, Sheikh Hasina said, ‘If the government does not execute the mass verdict, than then masses themselves will execute the verdict’.

16 April, 1992
Ghulam Azam to be tried in Tribunal, proposes Sheikh Hasina.

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1993

24 January, 1993
Rally of Sheikh Hasin in Chittagong is fired and bombed upon. 50 people injured.

23 September, 1993
Sheikh Hasina’s train journey. Massive terror, bullets and bombs unleashed in Ishwardi and Natore. 50 injured including Magistrate and police. Sheikh Hasina aimed in the violence.

1 December, 1993
In a rally at Bangabandhu Avenue Sheikh Hasina said, ‘The government will be forced to give elections under a caretaker government’.

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1994

25 December, 1994
 Sheikh Hasina leaves the residence of the Leader of the Opposition in Minto Road.

28 December, 1994
Mass resign from Parliament by Awami League, Jatiyo Party, NDP MPs.

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1996

12 June, 1996
Awami League wins majority in National Parliamentary Elections.

2 October, 1996
Bangabandhu murder case lodged with Dhanmondi police station.

12 November, 1996
Bill passed in Parliament to scrap Indemnity Ordinance.

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1997

1 January, 1997
Historic Bangladesh-India water sharing treaty implemented.

17 April, 1997

Bangladesh Cricket Team touches a milestone, wins status of ODI playing country by becoming ICC Trophy.

21 April, 1997
Bangabandhu murder case’s trial starts.

7 May, 1997
Awami League’s National Council inaugurated.

2 December, 1997
Historic Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Peace Accord signed.

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1998

10 February, 1998
First phase of CHT insurgents surrendering arms complete. Prime Minister presents rebel leader with a token of peace, flowers.

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1999

16 March, 1999
Prime MInister Sheikh Hasina opens Bangabandhu Chair at Dhaka University.

1 April, 1999
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and former US Senator George Michelle nominated for UNESCO Peace Prize.

2 August, 1999
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina wins Ceres Medal from UN FAO.

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2001

31 March, 2001
‘This country has no place for Rakazars’, announces Sheikh Hasina at a gathering of masses and freedom fighters at Suhrwardy Udyan.

17 May, 2001
Chatro League presents ‘Deshrotno’ honorary title on Sheikh Hasina to mark two decades of her homecoming from exile.

27 August, 2001
Awami League announces candidates for 293 seats.

26 December, 2001
Sheikh Hasina reelected President of the party at the triennial council of Bangladesh Awami League.

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2004

21 August, 2004
Infamous grenade attack at Awami League rally in Bangabandhu Avenue, Dhaka aiming to render the party leaderless including Sheikh Hasina. Sheikh Hasina suffers serious injury to her hearing. 24 people including Awamio League workers killed.

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2007

3 January, 2007
Grand Alliance rejects elections. President cum Chief Advisor resigns. Demands raised to clear discrepancies in the voter list before announcing election schedule.

18 April, 2007
Sheikh Hasina barred from entering Bangladesh. Military backed caretaker government imposes restriction against publishing or broadcasting any messages or statements by Sheikh Hasina.

6 May, 2007
Only 10 leaders get permission to receive Sheikh Hasina. Defying government orders, hundreds of thousands converge on the streets.

16 July, 2007
Sheikh Hasina arrested. Held in captivity until her release on parole on 11 June, 2008. After treatment, she returns home on 4 December.

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2008

7 June, 2008
From 7 to 30 June, mass signature campaign is conducted nationwide to realize the six-point demands including the release of Sheikh Hasina. From 15 to 30 June, extended meetings of the party in various districts.

12 December, 2008
Awami League’s election manifesto ‘Dinbodoler Shonod’ is unveiled by Jononetri Sheikh Hasina at Sheraton Hotel in Dhaka.

29 December, 2008
Awami League led Grand Alliance wins landslide victory in the national elections by securing 264 out of 300 seats.

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2009

6 January, 2009
Jononetri Sheikh Hasina-led Grand Alliance Government sworn in and official takes charge.

24 July, 2009
Awami League Council elects Sheikh Hasina as President and Syed Ashraful Islam as General Secretary of the party respectively.

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2010

12 January, 2010
Sheikh Hasina is awarded the reputed ‘Indira Gandhi Peace Prize 2009’.

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2012

14 March, 2012
Bangladesh wins maritime verdict against Myanmar and secures news 1,11,631 Sq. km new marine territory.

19 June, 2012
With her sister Sheikh Rehana at her side, Sheikh Hasian unveils the English and Bengali versions of Bangabandhu’s ‘Unfinished Memoirs’. In a ceremony on 9 July, she said, ‘I have given up the people’s wealth to the people’.

17 December, 2012
Sheikh Hasina sponsored ‘People’s Empowerment’ and ‘Culture of Peace’ is adopted by the United Nations’ 193 countries.

29 December, 2012
Awami League reelects Sheikh Hasina and Syed Ashraful Islam as the President and General Secretary of the party respectively.

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2013

18 August, 2013
Sheikh Hasina announces the discovery of the genetic code of local jute variety by a team of scientists led Maksudul Alam.

23 September, 2013
Sheikh Hasina wins United Nations South-South Award for performance in poverty reduction and attainment of self-reliance in food.

21 November, 2013
All party election time government formed led by Sheikh Hasina.

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2014

5 January, 2014
Awami League wins majority in national parliamentary elections and forms government.

12 January, 2014
Sheikh Hasina becomes Prime Minister of Bangladesh for the third time.

8 September, 2014
Sheikh Hasina wins Special “Tree of Peace” memento from UNESCO in recognition of outstanding contribution to promotion of girls’ and women’s education.

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2015

5 January, 2015
In the name of movement and strikes, BNP-Jamaat unleashes violence on the people in the form of gunpowder, cocktails, arson and firing and in 90 days kills 140 people, burns 350, and injures 1,500 people. Awami League Government overcomes the violence to successfully lead the country.

29 May, 2015
Mass civic reception accorded to Sheikh Hasina at Suhrawardy Udyan for maritime boundary wins, LBA with India and other successes.

October 23, 2016
Sheikh Hasina was elected as the president of Bangladesh Awami League at it’s 20th national conference. Obaidul Quader became the general secretary.

18 December, 2018
Ahead of 11th National Parliamentary Election, Bangladesh Awami League annouced it’s Youth-friendly election manifesto.

30 December, 2018
Bangladesh Awami League won more than 250 electoral seats in the 11th parliamentary election and grabbed a landslide victory.

7 January, 2019
Awami League president Sheikh Hasina took oath as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh for the third time consecutively and for the fourth time in total.

 

 

 

 

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